Friday, March 18, 2011

Ruling on one who reviles the religion of a Muslim

Ruling on one who reviles the religion of a Muslim
Is expiation required of one who reviles a Muslim, such as saying to a Muslim “May the religion of your mother be cursed” [an Arabic form of insulting or cursing]?.

From Quran Blog

And important note that we want to discuss and share with you its is about reading Quran and Reciting Holy Quran to understand it, Ramadan is the month when the beautiful the Holy Quran has been revealed.  A miracle by the creator of the worlds, Allah (SWT)  Should we not glorify him by reading the gift he has sent down for us and learn Arabic Quran by heart  to feel the power of it and learn is with translation to understand it and let our heart fill will tears of glory and wash away our sins  “Will they not meditate on the Quran, or are there locks on the hearts”, read Holy Quran, Surah Muhammad, Verse 24.

End from holy Quran reciter blog

Praise be to Allaah.

Reviling the faith or the religion or Islam is major kufr,
according to scholarly consensus. The one who does that should be asked to
repent. If he repents, all well and good, otherwise he should be executed.
Allaah forbid. See question no. 42505 and

With regard to reviling the religion of a particular Muslim
person, such as saying “May your religion be cursed” or “May the religion of
your mother be cursed “ – if his mother is a Muslim – is also reviling the
religion, as appears to be the case, which is kufr as stated above. Some of
the scholars suggested that it may be interpreted differently, and that what
is referred to is the person and his religious commitment. This may be based
on circumstantial evidence. In this case he should be punished and
disciplined. In any case he should be asked to repent and the matter should
be discussed with him. 

It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (24/139): The
fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that the one who reviles Islam or the
religion of the Muslims is a kaafir. As for one who reviles the religion of
a Muslim, the Hanafis said, as mentioned in Jaami’ al-Fusooleen: The
one who reviles the religion of a Muslim should be denounced as a kaafir,
but his insult may be understood as referring to that person’s bad attitude
and bad treatment of others, not Islam itself [because the word ‘deen’ in
the phrase under discussion may refer to one’s religion or to one’s way and
conduct], in which case he should not be denounced as a kaafir. End quote. 

Shaykh ‘Ulaysh al-Maaliki said: In it [in al-Barzali] there
is another issue, which is if a man ridicules the prayer and people who
pray, and many people testify against him, some of whom are credible
witnesses and some are not. If it is interpreted as ridiculing the
worshippers because he thinks ill of them, then it is to be regarded as
reviling the Muslims, so he should be disciplined as the judge sees fit. If
it is interpreted as ridiculing the worship itself, the correct view is that
this is apostasy, because he has done that openly and many people knew about
that, which is different than heresy, and the ruling on apostasy should be
applied. End quote. 

I say: From this ruling it may be understood that the one who
reviles Islam or the religion or a madhhab is that this is often done by
some of the dregs of the common folk, such as donkey-drivers, camel-drivers
and servants, or it may be done by others. If he was referring to the
sharee’ah and the rulings that Allaah has prescribed for His slaves on the
lips of His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then
he is definitely a kaafir. If he does that openly that then he is an
apostate who should be asked to repent; if he repents, all well and good,
otherwise he should be executed. If he does not do it openly then he is a
heretic who is to be executed even if he repents. 

If he was referring to an individual person and his religious
commitment, then this is reviling a Muslim and he should be disciplined as
the judge sees fit. The two cases may be differentiated on the basis of
confession and circumstantial evidence. Some scholars said that the ruling
is the same in the second case as in the first. In al-Badr it is
narrated that Bahraam said concerning apostasy: If the one who does not pray
says to the one who tells him to pray: When you enter Paradise, lock the
door behind you – if what he meant is that prayer has no effect on one’s
religious commitment then he has apostatized, according to scholarly
consensus, but if he meant that the prayer of the speaker has no effect
because it does not stop him from committing immoral and evil actions, then
there are two views as to whether he is an apostate. End quote.  

It is well known that the Holy Qur’aan is also part of the
religion, and reviling it is kufr as was stated by al-Barzali in several
places. End quote from Fath al-‘Aliy al-Maalik fi’l-Fatwa ‘ala
Madhhab al-Imam Maalik (2/346). 

The other possibility that he mentioned may occur rarely, but
the basic principle is that cursing a person’s religion is cursing Islam,
and no one would do that but a reckless person who is so audacious that he
transgresses the sacred limits of Allaah and commits this grave evil that
may lead to his doom. Because the other possibility is unlikely to be the
case when someone utters these words, Shaykh ‘Ulaysh (may Allaah have mercy
on him) did not mention it anywhere else, when he was asked: What do you say
about a man who curses the religion of another, and a man who curses his
madhhab, or one who says to him, “May Allaah curse your madhhab, the madhhab
of cats” – are they apostates? 

I replied: Praise be to Allaah and blessings and peace be
upon our master Muhammad the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him). Yes, they are apostates because of that, and they
deserve to be executed if they do not repent, according to scholarly
consensus, because reviling religion or a madhhab is only done by one who is
a kaafir, and because it is worse than belittling it which implies kufr, and
because it comes under the second category mentioned by Ibn ‘Abd al-Salaam,
al-Qaraafi, Ibn Rushd and others. And Allaah, may He be glorified and
exalted, knows best, and may Allaah send blessings and peace upon our
Prophet Muhammad. End quote from Fath al-‘Aliy al-Maalik (2/355). 


The expiation for reviling – whether one reviled the religion
or the person – is sincere repentance. If a person repents, Allaah will
accept his repentance. Otherwise the one who reviled another deserves to be
punished and disciplined. Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) was
asked: What should be done to one who calls a Muslim a dog or a pig and
other bad words. Is he sinning? 

He replied: Praise be to Allaah. He is sinning and he should
be punished, and he has to repent. And Allaah knows best. End quote from
Fataawa al-Nawawi, p. 224. 

See also question no.
42505 for more information on the
repentance of one who reviles the religion. 

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

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