Tuesday, October 25, 2011

It is haraam for a man to wear natural silk or to sit or sleep on it


If my wife wants to buy a silk cover for the bed, is that allowed for me to sleep in that bed ?

Praise be to Allaah.

Just as it is not permissible for a man to wear natural
silk, it is also not permissible for him to sit or sleep on it or to cover
himself in it (like a blanket), because of the report narrated by
al-Bukhaari (5837) from Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) who
said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) forbade us to
wear silk and brocade and to sit on them. 

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

The words “and to sit on them” are strong proof for those who
say that it is not allowed to sit on silk, which is the view of the
majority. Ibn Wahb narrated in his Jaami‘ from the hadeeth of Sa‘d
ibn Abi Waqqaas that he said: To sit on a live coal is dearer to me than
sitting on a seat of silk. End quote. 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

Even if we did not have this text, the prohibition on wearing
it would still include using it in furnishings, as it also includes using it
as covers or blankets, as the word libs (lit. wearing) includes these
meanings in both the linguistic and shar‘i sense; Anas said: I went to a
reed mat of ours that had turned black from long use (lit. wearing).
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (380) and Muslim (658). Even if the general wording
did not imply that the prohibition included using it in furnishings, mere
analogy would imply that it was forbidden. End quote. 

I‘laam al-Muwaqqi‘een, 2/366 

Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Majmoo‘,

It is haraam for a man to use brocade and silk in clothing,
or for sitting or reclining on, or covering himself with it (like a
blanket), or as a curtain or screen, or any other way of using it. There is
no difference of scholarly opinion concerning any of these things except one
odd view which was narrated by al-Raafi‘i, who said that it is permissible
for them to sit on it. But this view is invalid and is clearly mistaken and
is contrary to this saheeh hadeeth. This is our view. As for wearing it,
there is consensus (that it is forbidden); with regard to other uses, Abu
Haneefah permitted it but Maalik, Ahmad, Muhammad, Dawood and others agreed
with us that it is forbidden. Our evidence for that is the hadeeth of
Hudhayfah. Perhaps the reason for the prohibition on wearing it is to be
found in the other ways of using it, because if it is forbidden to wear it
when there is a need for it, then it is more likely to be forbidden in other
cases. End quote. 

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 5/278: 

The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that it is permissible for
women to use silk furnishings, but in the case of men, the majority of
Maalikis, Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis are of the view that it is forbidden. End

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan was asked: What is the ruling on
using blankets, covers or furnishings made of silk? He replied: It is not
permissible for them to use covers and furnishings made of silk, because
Allah forbade it to men. End quote. 

Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzaan,

It should be pointed out that what is forbidden is natural
silk, not artificial silk. For more information please see the answer to
question no. 30812. 

Based on that, if this cover is made of natural silk, it is
not permissible for you to sit or sleep on it. 

And Allah knows best.

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