Friday, August 19, 2011

Kinds of Tawassul


I have been discussing the subject of
using "waseela" while supplicating to Allah (swt) with some Muslims, and have
come to know that there are quite different opinions about fact whether the use of
"waseela" in duaa is halaal or haraam. Could you please provide me with some
information about this subject, some ayaat from the Holy Qur'an or authentic ahaadeeth?
With the term "use of waseela" I mean asking via the agency of someone, fx
"I ask You (O Allah) to grant me forgiveness via the agency of Prophet Muhammad
(Peace be upon him and his household)" or via the agency of other Prophets (Peace be
upon them), saints or other pious Muslims.

Praise be to Allaah.

What is meant by tawassul and waseelah is four things:

the kind of tawassul without which faith cannot be complete, which is
seeking to reach Allaah (tawassul) by believing in Him and His Messengers, and obeying Him
and His Messenger, This is what is meant in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Do your duty to Allaah and fear Him. Seek
the means of approach to Him…”

[al-Maa’idah 5:35]

This includes seeking to approach Allaah through His Names and
Attributes, or by doing acts of obedience and worship by which one seeks to approach
Allaah, and so on.

Seeking to approach Allaah by asking His Messenger
(peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) to make du’a’ for one during his lifetime, and the
believers asking one another to make du’aa’ for one another. This follows on
from the first type and is encouraged.

Seeking to approach Allaah by virtue of the status and virtues of some
created being, such as saying, “O Allaah, I ask You by virtue of Your Prophet”
and so on. This is allowed by some of the ‘ulama’, but this opinion is
da’eef (weak). The correct view is that it is definitely haraam, because there can be
no tawassul in du’aa’ except by virtue of the Names and Attributes of Allaah.

Tawassul as it is understood by many of the Muslims of later times, which
is calling on the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and seeking his
help (or seeking the help of the dead and so-called awliya’). This is a form of major
shirk, because calling on or seeking help from anyone other than Allaah with regard to
something that that only Allaah is able to do is a kind of worship, and directing worship
to anyone or anything other than Allaah is major shirk. And Allaah knows best.


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