Tuesday, August 23, 2011

The hadeeth of Salmaan about the virtues of Ramadaan is da’eef (weak)


A khateeb of a masjid in my area mentioned in a khutbah a Hadeeth narrated by Salmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, that the prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, gave them a khutbah in the last day of Sha’abaan .. etc. some brothers objected to what the khateeb says in front of the worshippers saying that this Hadeeth is fabricated. He also said that the prophet said: “who feeds a fasting person, Allah will bless him a drink of my Cistern (Al-Hawd), he will never feel thirsty after it until he is in paradise” and also said: “who makes it easy on his salve, Allah will forgive him and frees him of the hellfire”. The brother objected and said: this is lying and the prophet did not say this. A person tells lies about what the prophet said should expect his place in the hell”. Is the Hadeeth mentioned correct or not?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The hadeeth of Salmaan was narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah in his
Saheeh. He said: Chapter on the virtues of the month of Ramadaan if
the report is saheeh. Then he said: ‘Ali ibn Hijr al-Sa’di told us, Yoosuf
ibn Ziyaad told us, Humaam ibn Yahya told us, from ‘Ali ibn Zayd ibn
Jad’aan, from Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyab, from Salmaan who said: The Messenger
of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) addressed us on
the last day of Sha’baan and said: “O people, there has come to you a great
month, a blessed month, a month in which there is a night that is better
than a thousand months. Allaah has made fasting it obligatory and spending
its nights in prayer a voluntary act. Whoever draws close (to Allaah) during
it by doing a good deed will be like one who did an obligatory deed in any
other month, and the one who does an obligatory deed in it will be like one
who did seventy obligatory deeds in any other month. It is the month of
patience, and the reward of patience is Paradise. It is the month of helping
others. It is a month in which the believer’s provision is increased.
Whoever gives a fasting person food with which to break his fast will have
his sins forgiven and he will be ransomed from the Fire, and he will have a
reward like his without it detracting from his reward in the slightest.”
They said: Not all of us can find something to give to the fasting person
with which to break his fast. He said: “Allaah will give this reward to the
one who gives a fasting person a date or a drink of water or a sip of milk.
It is a month the beginning of which is mercy, the middle of which is
forgiveness and the end of which is ransom from the Fire. The one who
reduces the burden for his slave will be forgiven by Allaah, and He will
ransom him from the Fire. So do a lot of four good deeds during it, two with
which you will please your Lord and two which you cannot do without. As for
the two good deeds with which you will please your Lord, they are bearing
witness that there is no god except Allaah, and seeking His forgiveness. As
for those which you cannot do without, they are: asking Allaah for Paradise
and seeking refuge with Him from Hell. Whoever feeds a fasting person until
he is full, Allaah will give him to drink from my Cistern, a drink after
which he will not thirst again until he enters Paradise.” 

Its isnaad includes ‘Ali ibn Zayd ibn Jad’aan, who is da’eef
(weak) because of his bad memory. Its isnaad also includes Yoosuf ibn Ziyaad
al-Basri, whose hadeeth is munkar. It also includes Humaam ibn Yahya ibn
Dinaar al-‘Awadi, concerning whom Ibn Hajar said in al-Taqreeb: He is
trustworthy but he may make mistakes. 

Based on this, the hadeeth with this isnaad is not false, but
it is weak. However, many of the virtues of Ramadaan are proven in the
saheeh ahaadeeth. 

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas 

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