Friday, March 18, 2011

Righteous deeds do not expiate transgressions against the rights of others

Righteous deeds do not expiate transgressions against the rights of others
I heard that the Prophet (S) said that if one keeps the fasts of Ramadan with emaan and in order to get reward from Allah, Allah will forgive all his or her past sins. Does this also include the sins one may have knowingly committed against the rights of other Muslim brothers and sisters which he or she now deeply regrets doing but cannot admit his or her guilt to the victims as this may create even more problems?.

From Quran Blog

And important note that we want to discuss and share with you its is about reading Quran and Reciting Holy Quran to understand it, Ramadan is the month when the beautiful the Holy Quran has been revealed.  A miracle by the creator of the worlds, Allah (SWT)  Should we not glorify him by reading the gift he has sent down for us and learn Arabic Quran by heart  to feel the power of it and learn is with translation to understand it and let our heart fill will tears of glory and wash away our sins  “Will they not meditate on the Quran, or are there locks on the hearts”, read Holy Quran, Surah Muhammad, Verse 24.

End from holy Quran reciter blog

Praise be to Allaah.

There are many things which expiate for sin, including
repentance, seeking forgiveness, doing acts of worship, carrying out hadd
punishments on those who have done acts for which such punishments are due,
and so on. 

But righteous deeds such as prayer, fasting, Hajj etc only
expiate for minor sins, according to the majority of scholars, and they only
expiate for transgressions against the rights of Allaah. 

With regard to sins that have to do with the rights of other
people, they can only be expiated by repenting from them. One of the
conditions of repenting from them is restoring the rights of those who have
been wronged. 

Muslim (1886) narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas
(may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The martyr will be forgiven for
all his sins except debt.” 

Al-Nawawi said in Sharh Muslim: 

The words of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) “except debt” draw
attention to all rights owed to other people. Jihad, martyrdom and other
righteous deeds do not expiate for transgressions against the rights of
other people, rather they only expiate for transgressions against the rights
of Allaah. End quote. 

Ibn Muflih said in al-Furoo’ (6/193): 

Martyrdom expiates for everything except debt. Our Shaykh
(i.e., Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, may Allaah have mercy on him) said: and
except sins against other people such as murder and oppression. End quote. 

It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (14/129): 

Repentance in the sense
of regretting what one has done and resolving not to do it again is not
sufficient to waive the rights that are owed to other people. Whoever has
stolen another person’s wealth, or seized it by force, or has wronged him in
any other way, will not have finished with the matter by simply regretting
it, giving up the sin and resolving not to do it again. Rather he has to
restore those rights. This is a principle on which the fuqaha’ are
unanimously agreed. End quote. 

This has to do with material possessions, such as wealth that
has been taken be force or by deceit. With regard to intangible rights such
as in cases of slander and backbiting, if the person who has been wronged
knows about it, then it is essential to apologize to him and ask for his
forgiveness. If he did not know, then he should not be told; rather the one
who wronged him should pray for him and pray for forgiveness for him,
because telling him may upset him and create enmity and hatred between the

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him)

According to the saheeh
hadeeth: “Whoever has wronged his brother with regard to his blood, his
wealth or his honour, let him come and set matters straight before there
comes a Day on which there will be no dirhams and no dinars, only good deeds
and bad deeds, and if he has good deeds (they will be taken and given to the
one whom he wronged), otherwise some of the bad deeds of the one whom he
wronged will be taken and added to his burden, then he will be thrown into
the Fire.” This has to do with cases where the one who was wronged was aware
of it; but if he was gossiped about or slandered and he does not know, then
it was said that one of the conditions of repentance is telling him, or it
was said that this is not essential, which is the view of the majority; both
views were narrated from Ahmad, but his view on such matters is that one
should do good deeds for the one who was wronged, such as praying for him,
praying for forgiveness for him and doing good deeds to be given to him, to
take the place of that backbiting and slander. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: The
expiation for gossip is to pray for forgiveness for the person about whom
you gossiped. End quote. 

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 18/189 

The scholars of the Standing Committee said, concerning a man
who stole money from a slave: 

If he knows the slave or
he knows someone who knows him, he can tell him to look for him and give him
the money in silver or the equivalent, or whatever he agrees upon with him.
If he does not know who he is and he thinks that he will never find him, he
should give it or the equivalent in cash money in charity on behalf of its
owner. If he finds him after that, he should tell him what he did; if he
accepts that, all well and good, but if he objects and demands his money,
then he should give it to him, and the money he gave in charity becomes an
act of charity on his own behalf. He also has to ask Allaah for forgiveness
and repent to Him, and pray for the other person.

 Fataawa Islamiyyah,

And Allaah knows best.

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